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Sustainable Development Goals E-InventorySustainable Development Goals E-Inventory

Crowdsourcing proposals for post-2015 to feed into the intergovernmental process on SDGs
 
Key:
Overarching proposal
Individual goal
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    Post-2015 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals:Submission from the Fertilizer IndustryEradicating hunger and malnutrition“We can end hunger, extreme poverty and the worst impacts of malnutrition and food security within a generation” (Madrid Consultation FAO-WFP, 4 April 2013).Adoption of sustainable agricultural practices This goal should recognize and support a wide diversity of agricultural systems, farming practices, technologies and farmers, as well as balanced diets. It should also recognize that sustainable agriculture differs by landscapes. Thus, countries and farmers need flexibility and a variety of solutions to undertake continuous improvements in terms of yields and the use of water, soil and energy.
Author/organisation/coalition:
International Fertilizer Industry Association
Website:
http://www.fertilizer.org
Sector/Stakeholder Type:
Business and Industry
Email:
mdanielou@fertilizer.org
Twitter:
@FertilizerNews
Location of author:
INTERNATIONAL
Date of publication:
14/05/2013
Proposal : Post-2015 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals:
Submission from the Fertilizer Industry



Summary : 1-Food and nutrition security are central to the post-2015 development agenda and to the Sustainable Development Goals
Food and nutrition security should be a stand-alone, bold and prominent goal in the post-2015 development agenda. The target of halving extreme poverty rates in 2015 compared with 1990 levels has been met. However, halving the proportion of people who suffer from hunger will not be achieved. The new Sustainable Development Goal should therefore be to eliminate hunger. Much of the food we eat today (and more of the food that will be needed in the future) is and will be produced through the use of mineral fertilizers. The countries with the lowest levels of mineral fertilizer use also have the lowest levels of agricultural productivity and the highest levels of hunger. In addition, enhancing fertilizers with micronutrients is an innovative strategy to help eliminate micronutrient deficiencies around the world, leading to the eradication of malnutrition.

2-Helping farmers in the developing world to become as productive as those in the developed world
In much of the developing world, yields are far lower than those in the developed world. The reasons for this include lack of access to technology and knowledge, but also dysfunctional input-output markets. Empowering farmers, particularly women farmers, in all regions to produce more with less can raise productivity dramatically. The fertilizer industry works with farmers’ organizations to promote sustainable intensification and achieve last-mile delivery of inputs, technology and knowledge, making it possible for more crops to be grown on less land. The combination of quality inputs, including fertilizers, and good agricultural practices and can increase yields up to three times.

3-The fertilizer industry is helping to meet the Zero Hunger Challenge by 2025
Zero Hunger Challenge
100% access to adequate food year-round Zero stunted children less than two years old Promoting sustainable food systems 100% increase in smallholder productivity and income Zero loss or waste of food

The products supplied by the fertilizer industry help increase food production and provide nutrients essential for human health. The fertilizer industry contributes to better nutrition for all, improving the nutrient quality of food through micronutrient fertilization. This benefits children under the age of five. Through efficient use of fertilizers and the mitigation of nutrient losses, the carbon footprint of agriculture is reduced and the quality of water, oceans, soil and air is protected. Through public-private partnerships, and extension and rural advisory services, the industry helps smallholder farmers increase their productivity and incomes. The fertilizer industry develops products and systems to extend the life cycle of food, particularly through the use of calcium-based and boron-supplemented fertilizers.

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE POST-2015 AGENDA

1. Increasing food production and improving diets: Not only is food and nutrition security measurable in terms of hunger. It also has long-term implications for a country’s well-being. The fertilizer industry contributes to increasing food production worldwide, and to improving diets through micronutrient fertilization.

2. Investing in agriculture: Investments in agriculture, particularly agricultural R&D, have been demonstrated to be one of the best strategies for promoting overall poverty alleviation and economic development by increasing agricultural productivity and rural incomes . It is estimated that, between 2008 and 2016, the fertilizer industrywill have invested over US$120 billion to meet the world’s needs for more nutrients and increased food production.

3. Sustainably increasing food production and building sustainable food systems: There is no one-size-fits-all solution to achieve the goals of sustainable intensification in a wide range of landscapes and agro-ecological zones. A mosaic of solutions will be required to improve the way farmers operate. However, farmers cannot do without fertilizers because they contribute to biodiversity conservation by increasing yields on existing arable land. The fertilizer industry has developed various science-based nutrient stewardship frameworks that promote continuous improvement in all three areas of sustainability (social, economic and environmental) and the maintenance of soil fertility.

4. Focusing on smallholders, women farmers and the most vulnerable: Agricultural programmes are needed that are farmer-centred and knowledge-based, so that the full potential of commercial and smallholder farmers, both men and women, can be harnessed. By increasing women farmers’ access to productive resources, particularly fertilizers, food and nutrition security could be increased globally by up to 4 percent per year.

5. Building a conducive business environment, good governance and investment in food systems: Such an environment includes good governance, well-functioning institutions (notably to protect intellectual property and land rights), and mechanisms to fight corruption and bribery.

6. Establishing inclusive business models as sustainable business solutions: The post-2015 development process should engage the private sector as an equal partner and stakeholder in the agenda for food security and sustainable agriculture and in further partnerships to scale up good practices. Individual fertilizer companies, industry associations and some governments have been taking the lead in promoting such innovative solutions, including public-private partnerships (e.g: Grow Africa).



IFAposition-post2015SDG-FINAL-7May.docx  
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Goal : Eradicating hunger and malnutrition

“We can end hunger, extreme poverty and the worst impacts of malnutrition and food security within a generation” (Madrid Consultation FAO-WFP, 4 April 2013).





Targets and Indicators: 1-INVESTMENT AND TRADE
• Ensure that investments promote sustainable use of resources through both internal investment policies and public-private collaboration;
• Promote diversity in economic opportunity through expanding market access and support to smallholder farmers, particularly women;
• Invest in agricultural research and development partnerships to promote innovation and to build local capacity, particularly that of developing country researchers and institutions.

2-INTEGRATION OF FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY OBJECTIVES
• Foster nutrition security to tackle malnutrition;
• Promote the role of agriculture in delivering nutrition security solutions;
• Shift diets and produce healthier food.

3-SUPPORT FOR SMALLHOLDER FARMERS
• Increase access by smallholder farmers, especially women in rural areas, to agricultural credits, training, capacity building, knowledge transfer and innovative practices;
• Foster approaches, such as extension programs, to address social issues and promote education and knowledge transfer;
• Build resilience to climate change, political and economic shocks (for instance, price volatility, including through trade liberalization, transparent information-sharing, and investment in supply chain infrastructure and storage facilities);
• Double the rate of sustainable productivity growth by 2030 (Gates Foundation).

4-REDUCTION OF POST-HARVEST LOSSES AND FOOD WASTE
• Optimize food storage and processing through appropriate technology and knowledge-sharing;
• Reduce the amount of edible food waste.
Draw upon existing commitments and international texts, such as:

The 2003 Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security (including the commitment to the allocation of at least 10 percent of national budgetary resources to agriculture and rural development policy implementation within five years).

The CAADP (Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Program) objective of 6 percent average annual growth in agricultural production by 2015.

The G8 L’Aquila commitment to the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP): US$22 billion.

Rome principles on aid effectiveness.

The five objectives of the Zero Hunger Challenge:
• 100% access to adequate food year-round;
• Zero stunted children less than two years old;
• Promoting sustainable food systems;
• 100% increase in smallholder productivity and income;
• Zero loss or waste of food.

Other indicators include:
• Increased global food production;
• Improved provision of daily nutritional requirements for all (linkages to maternal and child health);
• Changes in incomes, employment and investments in agriculture;
• Existence of legislation and policies that support free global, regional and local trade;
• Changes in legislation to promote women’s rights and access to resources, including credit, land tenure and inputs;
• Promoting food safety and reducing food waste through access to better storage, processing and handling practices and technologies.



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Goal : Adoption of sustainable agricultural practices

This goal should recognize and support a wide diversity of agricultural systems, farming practices, technologies and farmers, as well as balanced diets. It should also recognize that sustainable agriculture differs by landscapes. Thus, countries and farmers need flexibility and a variety of solutions to undertake continuous improvements in terms of yields and the use of water, soil and energy.



Targets and Indicators: 1-A FOCUS ON SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION
• Promote the adoption of good agricultural practices;
Prevent zero net land degradation in wild areas and increase production on existing arable land;
• Restore land and soil quality and manage land and soil resources sustainably; Ensure that food production can meet growing demand and that, in line with the vision of the Strategic Plan of the Convention on Biological Diversity, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used and that ecosystem services are maintained;
• Reduce biodiversity loss due to agricultural activities.


2-RESTORING SOILS AND DEGRADED LAND
• Restore land and soil quality and manage land and soil resources sustainably.

3-EXPANDING RESOURCE EFFICIENCY TECHNIQUES
• Invest in nutrient use efficiency research;
• Promote connections between water, energy and land.

4-REDUCING THE YIELD GAP FOR SMALLHOLDERS
• Invest in extension and knowledge sharing that assists in scaling farmers’ adoption of good farming practices, and in planning for resilience to climate change and potential yield losses;
• Develop a network of agri-input dealers as farmers’ main point of contact for inputs and advice, in order to promote extension services and knowledge transfer;
• Governments need to invest in agricultural education programs to train agronomists, extension workers and agro-input dealers.

The 2006 Abuja Declaration on Fertilizer for the African Green Revolution:
• An increase in the level of use of fertilizer from the current average of 8 kg per hectare to an average of at least 50 kg per hectare by 2015.

Other indicators include:
• Closing the yield gap in food-insecure countries, particularly for smallholder farmers (yield/arable land data);
• Access to inputs and improvements in input use efficiency, particularly efficient use of nutrients;
• Adoption of farming practices and technologies that promote environmentally sustainable intensification and regeneration, including integrated pest management (IPM), measured in terms of continuous improvements in the use of water, energy, land on farms of all sizes, with reference in particular to nutrient stewardship frameworks;
• Changes in land use, including reductions in the rate of deforestation;
• Scaling access to public and private extension, knowledge, and climate-smart farming practices and technologies that will enable farmers to be resilient to climate change and related potential yield losses;
• Arriving at a zero net rate of land and soil degradation within an internationally agreed timeframe.



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