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Sustainable Development Goals E-InventorySustainable Development Goals E-Inventory

Crowdsourcing proposals for post-2015 to feed into the intergovernmental process on SDGs
 
Key:
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    POST-2015 AGENDA ON DEVELOPMENT : FRENCH POSITION PAPER PREPARED WITH CIVIL SOCIETYFood and nutrition security Universal access to drinking water and sanitation 3. Quality lifelong education for all 4. Gender equality 5. Health for all 6. Decent work for all A decent, sustainable and connected living environment for all 8. Sustainable energy for all 9. A sustainable environment for all 10. Multi-level democratic governance for sustainable development
Author/organisation/coalition:
Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships, French Ministry of Foreign Affa
Website:
http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/
Sector/Stakeholder Type:
Governments
Email:
info@diplomatie.gouv.fr
Location of author:
France, EUROPE
Date of publication:
02/09/2013
Proposal : POST-2015 AGENDA ON DEVELOPMENT : FRENCH POSITION PAPER PREPARED WITH CIVIL SOCIETY

Summary :  The definition of the post-2015 development agenda is a top priority for France. The challenge is huge: to define common goals that will guarantee a life of dignity for 9 billion people on a planet with limited resources and accelerated climate change. These two challenges cannot be separated anymore. We need to integrate sustainability imperatives in order to succeed in the fight against poverty and vice versa. There will be no progress in the field of food security and the fight against infant mortality if we fail to limit global warming that threatens agricultural production in many developing countries. That is why France considers the convergence of the revision of the Millennium Development Goals and the definition of Sustainable development goals in a single agenda in 2015 as the basis for reflection.
This convergence involves thinking of new sustainable development goals while capitalizing on the achievements of the MDGs. The Millennium Development Goals have allowed unprecedented international mobilization and spectacular progress. However, we know that despite this progress we will not complete the MDGs by 2015. In
the fight against poverty or for the access to social services such as education and health, we will have to keep our commitments beyond 2015 to enable everyone to live decently.
This is why France promotes a human rights-based approach to development. Sexual and reproductive rights, nutrition, water and sanitation, health, education or housing rights are universal human rights. They provide a decent life for all. Their violation is both the cause and consequence of poverty. We will fight for these rights rejecting discriminations of any kind, and particularly gender-based discriminations.
Finally, we want this agenda to be universal. This means that the goals will have to apply to all countries, while respecting local realities and different levels of development. This new agenda requires a global mobilization because a sustainable world cannot be built without ecological transition in the north and sustainable development in the south. We will have to innovate both in the north and the south to create new modes of production and consumption that will provide a decent life to 9 billion human beings while preserving our planet.

Position-fr-agenda-post-2015-version-anglaise-full-cle0b8463-1-.pdf  
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Goal : Food and nutrition security

Targets and Indicators:  - Sustainable availability of food: achieve high and sustainable agricultural productivity by targeting in particular smallholders and favouring sustainable sectors; facilitated and secure access to production factors (land and water as well as credit and inputs); ensure support for agricultural research and agricultural extension to spread ecologically intensive practices, e.g. by taking into account smallholders’ needs and traditional know-how; protect the diversity of traditional seed and foster access to seed; improve the storage and conservation conditions to reduce losses after harvest and enhance the resilience of regions affected by chronic food crises, as well as reducing upstream food wastage

- Improved access to food: reduce the isolation of rural areas; ensure decent income and jobs, particularly in rural areas, by bolstering subsistence farming, paying particular attention to the participation of women in the rural economy and its decision-making processes

- Good nutrition: improve the quality and safety of water and food, guarantee a diversified diet, control exposure to dangerous concentrations of chemical pollutants; strengthen international and regional public animal and plant health surveillance networks; ensure food education encouraging a diversified diet and recalling the need for equity in the distribution of food (between girls and boys), promote the practice of maternal and infant care and an adequate health environment, and combat nutritional deficiencies, i.e. "hidden hunger" and premature obesity

- Stabilized food security:: strengthen global food and nutrition governance through the establishment of the Global Partnership for Food and Nutrition Security, based on the reformed Committee on World Food Security which plays a central role as an inclusive platform for issues regarding food and nutrition security governance; combat the excessive volatility of food prices; guarantee climate change adaptation policies, combating desertification and degradation of land; secure land tenure, particularly for family farms; combat arable land-grabbing by promoting the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security


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Goal :  Universal access to drinking water and sanitation

Targets and Indicators:  1 – Provide 100% of the population with access to a sustainable and continuous source of good quality, uncontaminated water less than 30 minutes away (travel back and forth and waiting time included), including schools, health centres and public spaces.
2 – Provide 100% of the population with appropriate means of hygiene and access to decent toilets shared between less than 30 people.
3 – Preserve the ecological state of water resources: tend by 2030 towards the elimination of the quantity of pollutants dumped into surface and underground water through the creation of wastewater purification systems and promote the reuse of processed wastewater for agricultural, industrial, collective or economic purposes.
4 – Make a concerted and reasonable use of water resources: ensure reasonable and effective use of water and develop integrated water resources management systems at river basin level (concerted management plans, river basin organizations, legal frameworks) to balance domestic, agricultural and industrial usage and thus ensure the availability of resources. To do this, it is essential to strengthen the role of women in decision-making concerning water management.

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Goal :  3. Quality lifelong education for all

Targets and Indicators:  - Increase equity in the availability, accessibility, acceptability and adaptability of lifelong education and training for all offers. Education policies should be inclusive, particularly for the most fragile populations and girls, and free basic education should be generalized.
- Improve the quality of education and learning achievements.
- Recognize and promote diverse lifelong education and training pathways, from young children to higher education. This means ensuring the educational continuum, guaranteeing pathways between the different forms of education and training: formal and informal, academic and vocational. A system to recognize experience should be established to facilitate lifelong training. Vocational training offers should be developed, linked to the needs of society, in liaison with economic and social stakeholders to ensure better integration of young people

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Goal :  4. Gender equality

Targets and Indicators:  The effective implementation of rights equality between men and women: full implementation of the fundamental rights of women and girls, including access to justice; a ban on forced and underage marriages (under 18); prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls; guaranteed exercise by women of their sexual and reproductive rights, including the right to abortion, notably to prevent and avoid premature and unwanted pregnancies; and exercise of their political, economic and social rights. The agenda should also call for reform of discriminatory family law.
- Equal opportunities for men and women: guarantee the economic independence of women; their equal access to economic resources (including land, credit and training), as well as pay and professional equality; equal sharing of household responsibilities; women's participation in formal employment.
- Equal participation in political, economic and social representative and decision-making bodies at all levels, which is indispensable for example to effectively achieve the above targets.

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Goal :  5. Health for all

Targets and Indicators: Universal health coverage (UHC)
Healthy life expectancy (HALE), defined as life expectancy adjusted for the invalidity factor

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Goal :  6. Decent work for all

Targets and Indicators:  Targets could be envisaged on actions developed to support action for employment amongst vulnerable populations (which may vary depending on countries and their level of development); on resources as a percentage allotted to job market policies, including for vulnerable populations; and on measures to promote the protection of workers' rights in the informal economy or the transition to formal work.

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Goal :  A decent, sustainable and connected living environment for all

Targets and Indicators:  - Connection of all people, through guaranteed service access, to infrastructure and cultural goods: water, sanitation, waste processing, energy, transport, communications including ITC, access to culture and information, education, public health and safety.

- Urban planning with sustainability in mind: formulation of strategies to support urban growth and combat social and spatial segregation and urban sprawl; promotion of highly-concentrated and compact urban planning, well-endowed with infrastructure and services, preservation of the environment, promotion of social cohesion and intercultural dialogue, cultural creativity, development of heritage and the fight against violence; support the formulation of policies to develop cultural and environmental heritage which include local residents and enable a combination of architectural quality, promotion of heritage and urban development.

- Universal access to decent, sustainable housingguaranteed access to decent housing (social housing threshold, housing standards, perhaps regulation of the housing market), rehabilitation of slums or re-housing of their inhabitants (a simple goal of reduction would lead to destructions without provision of alternative housing), guaranteed building energy efficiency, encouragement of sustainable building

- Strengthen the resilience of urban and rural areas to risks and disasters: develop sub-State indicators to measure the resilience of cities and rural areas which take into account inequalities and increase the role of local government; develop and enforce territorial development plan governing building in flood-risk areas, coastal areas subject to erosion, and other areas vulnerable to climate risks. Help cities and rural areas to resist, to assist the people most affected (old people, the disabled, children and women) and to recover quickly from the impact of natural disasters and risks, building the capacities needed in terms of technology, scientific knowledge, techniques and governance

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Goal :  8. Sustainable energy for all

Targets and Indicators:  - provide universal access to modern, reliable, affordable and sustainable energy services (with particular attention paid to the issue of access to energy services in rural and peri-urban areas);
- double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency;
- double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
- Encourage transfers and distribution of clean, environmentally friendly technologies (notably through the Technology Mechanism created in the UNFCCC framework);
- Phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies;
- Reduce pollution and linked losses in the extractive industries (including gas flaring).

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Goal :  9. A sustainable environment for all

Targets and Indicators:  - Combating climate change is a cross-cutting necessity for all stakeholders in order to achieve the goal of the international community and limit the average global temperature increase to 2°C
- Protecting natural environments and remarkable ecosystems: seas and oceans and their coastlines (pressure on coral reefs and mangroves), forests (ceasing deforestation, sustainable forestry, and labelling); establishing protected land and sea areas (objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity)
Preserving ordinary biodiversity, the basis of life, in all environments, including urban areas; sustainable management and equitable sharing of fish stocks and other marine resources; combating illegal fishing, dumping at sea, and acidification; ceasing degradation and fragmentation of habitats; combating desertification and sustainable management of soils ("zero net land degradation").
Promoting a green and inclusive economy: creation of sustainable modes of consumption and production; taking into account externalities; CSR; harmonized reporting; putting a price on natural capital and ecosystem services; better management of waste (burial) and chemicals; better global resources efficiency (reduced consumption of resources per unit of GDP)

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Goal :  10. Multi-level democratic governance for sustainable development

Targets and Indicators:  - The rule of law (civil liberties, transparency, independent justice, public administrations), guaranteeing citizens the effective application of their rights, the possibility to fulfil their duties and make public institutions accountable, aimed at involving civil society in the decision-making process and in monitoring public policies, with particular attention for the poorest people.
- Efficient and participatory local democracy: building local authority capacities, enabling them to exercise their competences in the framework of decentralization (tax decentralization indicators), existence of frameworks for multi-stakeholder consultation at local level (including regarding public service delivery),recognition and support of citizen engagement. Building the capacities of citizens, particularly the poorest, through specific, suitable means (such as access to culture and information, and encouraging participatory and consultative approaches with regard to urban and territorial planning) should allow them to participate in planning, implementing and assessing policies concerning them at all governance levels.
- State finance efficiency: its improvement notably requires relevant management and mobilization of internal resources, fair and equitable taxation (with desirable progression of the level of tax pressure excluding petrol to 18-20% of GDP), efficiency and transparency of public spending circuits

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