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Sustainable Development Goals E-InventorySustainable Development Goals E-Inventory

Crowdsourcing proposals for post-2015 to feed into the intergovernmental process on SDGs
 
Key:
Overarching proposal
Individual goal
  • Proposals
  • Comments
     Sustainable societies; responsive citizens (Bonn Declaration) Sustainable consumption and production Sustainable livelihoods, youth and education Climate sustainability Clean energy Biodiversity  WaterHealthy seas and oceans (blue economy)Healthy forests Sustainable agricultureGreen Cities Subsidies and investment New indicators of progressAccess to information Public participation Access to redress and remedy Environmental justice for the poor and marginalized
Author/organisation/coalition:
64th Annual Conference of the Department of Public Information for Non-Governmental Organisations
Website:
http://outreach.un.org/ngorelations/
Sector/Stakeholder Type:
NGO
Email:
dpingo@un.org
Location of author:
INTERNATIONAL
Date of publication:
07/10/2011
Proposal :  Sustainable societies; responsive citizens (Bonn Declaration)


Summary : The non-governmental organizations here present in Bonn, Germany, on 5 September 2011, declare the following on the matter of a green economy in the context of poverty eradication, sustainable lifestyles, education and lifelong learning for sustainable development, civic engagement in sustainable development governance and volunteerism.

To achieve the goals of Rio+20 in an ambitious, time-bound and accountable manner, we call upon Governments, in accordance with human rights, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, and respective capabilities, to adopt the following draft sustainable development goals together with the subgoals, reasons and clarifications relating to each goal.
The goals below are aspirational. While some of the goals are based on commitments already made by Governments and other stakeholders, others are proposed on the basis of advanced thinking among civil society organizations.




BonnEng.pdf  
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Goal :  Sustainable consumption and production

Targets and Indicators:  By 2020, consistent with the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, adopted at the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the human ecological footprint is reduced so that it remains within the Earth’s biological carrying capacity

By 2020, Governments should promote production processes that reflect the best available technologies for eco-efficiency, recycling, remanufacturing, reuse of waste materials and product durability and longevity. Wasteful practices, such as planned obsolescence, are identified and eliminated. Public procurement standards and incentives reward leading corporations that share and disseminate best green practices worldwide. By 2020, the majority of the world’s goods and services are procured by Governments from sources certified by objective third parties as sustainably produced.

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Goal :  Sustainable livelihoods, youth and education

Targets and Indicators:  By 2030, national Governments reorient all national aims and objectives towards achieving sustainable societies and will mainstream sustainable development into all national educational policies and curricula.

By 2020, consistent with the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, Governments ensure that people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.

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Goal :  Climate sustainability

Targets and Indicators:  By 2050, Governments should have reached clear pathways towards climate sustainability that regulates the global temperature rise below 1.5° C. Emissions of greenhouse gases should be reduced to 25 per cent of 1990 levels by 2020, 40 per cent by 2030, 60 per cent by 2040 and 80 per cent by 2050. Carbon taxes and tariffs should be in place to provide incentives for low-carbon development and manufacturing, finance greenhouse gas emission reduction projects, REDD-plus and other offset mechanisms, and green infrastructure solutions to help vulnerable communities adapt to climate change.



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Goal :  Clean energy

Targets and Indicators:  By 2030, at least 50 per cent of the world’s energy supply comes from renewable sources. By 2020, energy demand is reduced through efficiency and conservation by at least 20 per cent. By 2030, energy poverty is eliminated by providing universal access to modern energy services from renewable sources

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Goal :  Biodiversity


Targets and Indicators:  Governments are urged to honour their commitments to implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, in particular those related to the green economy, such as target 2, which states that by 2020 at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems; and target 3, which states, inter alia, that by 2020 at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts.


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Goal :  Water

Targets and Indicators:  By 2030, Governments achieve universal availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for health, livelihoods, ecosystems, production and adequate sanitation, coupled with an acceptable level of water-related risks to people,environments and economies.

By 2020, local, municipal and national Governments and all stakeholders
commit to achieving the following intermediate targets:
• A 20 per cent increase in total food supply-chain efficiency — reducing losses and waste from field to fork
• A 20 per cent increase in water efficiency in agriculture — more nutrition and crop per drop
• A 20 per cent increase in water use efficiency in energy production — more kilowatt-hours per drop
• A 20 per cent increase in the quantity of water reused
• A 20 per cent decrease in water pollution

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Goal : Healthy seas and oceans (blue economy)

Targets and Indicators:  By 2020, consistent with the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, Governments establish at least 10 per cent coastal and marine areas. By 2030, oceanic dead zones are recovered by reducing nitrogen runoff from land by 50 per cent or more. By 2020, marine protected areas are established in at least 25 per cent of each exclusive economic zone and the high seas in representative networks capable of restoring minimum viable populations of all at-risk stocks, protecting marine biological diversity, and maximizing benefits to commercial and subsistence fishers in surrounding waters.

(a) reduce plastic pollution in the oceans, including by banning or taxing single-use plastics, supporting the use of recycled plastics in new products and holding manufacturers responsible for plastics through their entire life cycle;
(b) establish an international monitoring network for ocean acidification to enable the identification of vulnerable regions and industries and to provide an early warning system for industries already
experiencing harm;
(c) designate the high seas of the Central Arctic Ocean as a zone for international scientific cooperation, where extractive and polluting activities are suspended until we have a better understanding of the area and the potential effects of such activities;
and (d) schedule, as a matter of urgency, an intergovernmental
conference to address the multiplying threats to ocean areas beyond the jurisdiction of individual nations.



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Goal : Healthy forests


Targets and Indicators:  By 2020, all remaining frontier forests are protected from conversion and degradation, consistent with the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, with a well-resourced and equitably governed REDD-plus mechanism in place, which respects the rights and knowledge of indigenous peoples and local communities and other environmental and governance safeguards, to reward developing countries for the protection and sustainable management of their forests, not only for carbon capture and storage but for their wider ecological services. A policy of “no net loss” of forest land, globally and nationally, is also achieved by 2020. At that time, all new forest areas cleared are offset by the ecologically sound restoration of forests in nearby areas. The restoration of over 150 million hectares of cleared or degraded forest landscapes is achieved by 2020, with the creation of millions of new jobs and enhanced livelihoods, improved security and adaptation to climate change. Deforestation emissions should be reduced by key corporations and their supply chains committing to avoid the purchase of products that cause deforestation,such as soy or cattle from deforested lands in the Brazilian Amazon, palm oil from deforested agricultural land in Indonesia or illegal wood and wood products throughout the world.

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Goal : Sustainable agriculture

Targets and Indicators:  By 2030, global agricultural production is transformed from industrial to sustainable. Chemical inputs, herbicides and pesticides are largely replaced with organic and biological alternatives. Interspersed natural areas are protected and restored as sources of pollination, pest control and soil fertility. Food for export is secondary to food for local consumption. Cultivated crop strains are diversified, as are production techniques and the mix of agricultural producers. Best management practices reduce erosion by 90 per cent and nitrogen runoff by 50 per cent or more.
The local ecological knowledge of indigenous peoples and traditional and local communities is utilized to identify resilient crops and cultivation practices that provide maximum protection against climate change

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Goal : Green Cities

Targets and Indicators:  By 2030, cities develop and implement action plans to address transport, public health and environmental needs in a harmonious and integrated way. By 2030, from the local to the national levels, Government policies foster compact, mixed-use, pedestrian-oriented, urban development that minimizes energy use and maximizes residential health and that reflects the concept of a society for all ages.
All new buildings meet green building standards by 2030. By 2030, city transport needs are or remain predominantly met by mass transport, walking and bicycling.
Quality of life is also improved for residents by 2030, providing access to green buildings with urban rooftop gardens, clean water, clean energy, waste management systems and sustainable transport. By 2030, urban areas with significant storm water pollution issues reduce impervious surface area by 30 per cent below 2012 levels

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Goal :  Subsidies and investment

Targets and Indicators:  By 2020 at the latest, consistent with the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, harmful incentives, including subsidies, for fossil fuel production, unsustainable agricultural, fisheries and forest practices, and those harmful to biodiversity, are eliminated, phased out or redirected to promote renewable energy, sustainable practices and the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity

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Goal :  New indicators of progress

Targets and Indicators: By 2020, nations supplement or replace GDP with a new measure of sustainable economic welfare based on best available information at that time



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Goal : Access to information

Targets and Indicators:  By 2022, Governments enact and implement freedom of information laws giving people the right to obtain accurate and truthful information held by their Government, especially on the environment. Governments actively make available to all stakeholders useful, accurate, truthful and well-publicized data and information in appropriate formats and languages, including on the Internet. These laws should include whistle-blower protection and should extend to information disclosure by corporations

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Goal :  Public participation

Targets and Indicators:  By 2022, Governments need to ensure that volunteerism and citizen engagement are incorporated in all global, national and local action plans for the implementation of sustainable development and human well-being, to commit to the creation of an enabling environment for citizen engagement and voluntary action,and will include mandatory public participation in: (a) major development project approvals and environmental impact assessment procedures; (b) drafting of national-level,sustainable development policies, laws and regulations; and (c) administrative decisions, such as pollution permitting.

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Goal :  Access to redress and remedy

Targets and Indicators:  By 2022, Governments adopt and implement laws ensuring effective access to judicial and administrative proceedings concerning sustainable development,including redress and remedy. In particular, they ensure that the costs of such proceedings are reasonable and affordable to affected people and that access to such proceedings is available through the expansion of legal standing and other means to interested people and organizations.

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Goal :  Environmental justice for the poor and marginalized

Targets and Indicators:  By 2022, Governments adopt laws that obligate their agencies to take
appropriate measures to provide information and engage affected people living in poverty, women and other disadvantaged groups when making sustainable development decisions.

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